R/e-cycling in modern Territories
According to the Zohar, a foundational text for kabbalistic thought, Torah study can proceed along four levels of interpretation (exegesis). These four levels are called Pardes because their initial letters spell "PaRDeS" ("Orchard"): * Peshat (lit. "simple"): the direct interpretations of meaning. * Remez (lit. "hint[s]"): the allegoric meanings (through allusion). * Derash (from Heb. darash: "inquire" or "seek"): midrashic (Rabbinic) meanings, often with imaginative comparisons with similar words or verses. * Sod (lit. "secret" or "mystery"): the inner, esoteric (metaphysical) meanings, expressed in kabbalah.
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