Monday, 26 November 2012

Attachment theory_Bowlby

Attachment theory describes the dynamics of long-term relationships between humans. Its most important tenet is that an infant needs to develop a relationship with at least one primary caregiver for social and emotional development to occur normally. Attachment theory explains how much the parents relationship with the child influences development. Attachment theory is an interdisciplinary study encompassing the fields of psychological, evolutionary, and ethological theory. Immediately after World War II, homeless and orphaned children presented many difficulties, and psychiatrist and psychoanalyst John Bowlby was asked by the UN to write a pamphlet on the issue which he entitled Maternal deprivation. Attachment theory grew out of his subsequent work on the issues raised.

Infants become attached to individuals who are sensitive and responsive in social interactions with them, and who remain as consistent caregivers for some months during the period from about six months to two years of age. When an infant begins to crawl and walk they begin to use attachment figures (familiar people) as a secure base to explore from and return to. Caregivers' responses lead to the development of patterns of attachment; these, in turn, lead to internal working models which will guide the individual's perceptions, emotions, thoughts and expectations in later relationships. Separation anxiety or grief following the loss of an attachment figure is considered to be a normal and adaptive response for an attached infant. These behaviours may have evolved because they increase the probability of survival of the child.


αντικειμενότροπες σχέσεις ΕΔΜ


xtina said...

Anonymous said...

Ha! se vrika.

xtina said...

χαχα μα δεν κρυβόμουνα!!!

xtina said...

"We start with 'similarity.' [See Doctrine of the Similar] We then try to obtain clarity about the fact that the resemblances we can perceive, for example, in people's faces, in buildings and plant forms, in certain cloud formations and skin diseases, are nothing more than tiny prospects from a cosmos of similarity.

Types: pattern recognition is really pattern imposition.

"We can go beyond this and attempt to clarify for ourselves the fact that not only are these resemblances imported into things by virtue of chance comparisons [i.e: chance encounters] on our part, but that all of them—like the resemblances between parents and children [genealogy of morals?]—are the effects of an active mimetic force working expressly inside things. Furthermore, not only are the objects of this mimetic force innumerable, but the same thing may be said of subjects, of the mimetic centers that may be numerous within every being. "

Interesting here how the Copernican decentered thing is deployed. The "objects of the mimetic force are innumerable," meaning each and everything we encounter, we—on some level—absorb/become/are swayed by/mimic and also, there is no real identifiable centered "self" because we have multiple mimetic "centers" (note the "s") – in other words, NODES—neural nexuses and centers of intensity. This fits in quite well with Deleuze."