Friday, 11 June 2010

Roman Jakobson's 6ix Functions

Communication Functions
1 referential (= contextual information)
2 aesthetic (= auto-reflection)
3 emotive (= self-expression)
4 conative (= vocative or imperative addressing of receiver)
5 phatic (= checking channel working)
6 metalingual (= checking code working)

creative axis


xtina said...

* The matter layer contains statements which are matter of fact like data and facts, which are part of the news.
* In the self-revealing the speaker - conscious or not intended - tells something about himself, his motives, values, emotions etc.
* In the Relationship-layer is expressed resp. received, how the sender gets along with the receiver and what he thinks of him.

* The Appeal contains a wish or a command to act.

The sender is sending four messages simultaneously, he speaks quasi with four beaks. The receiver receives simultaneous four message, he hears quasi with four ears. The receiver often hears and understands something different as the sender meant and said. This leads to misunderstandings and conflicts as a consequence. This makes interpersonal communication be vulnerable to malfunctions.

Every layer can be misunderstood individually. The classic example of Schulz von Thun is the front-seat passenger which tells the driver: "You, the traffic lights are green". The driver will understand something different regarding to the ear with which he will hear and will react differently. (on the matter layer he will understand the "fact" "the traffic lights are green" , he could also understand it as "Come on, drive! ."-"command", or on the "relationship" could hear a help like "I want to help you or if you hear behind it: I am in a hurry it reveals part of yourself "self-revelatory".") The emphasis on the four layers can be meant differently and also be understood differently. So the sender can stress the appeal of the statement and the receiver can mainly receive the relationship part of the message. This is one of the main reasons for misunderstandings.

xtina said...


xtina said...

One of the six functions is always the dominant function in a text and usually related to the type of text. In poetry, the dominant function is the poetic function: the focus is on the message itself. The true hallmark of poetry is according to Jakobson "the projection of the principle of equivalence from the axis of selection to the axis of combination". [The exact and complete explanation of this principle is beyond the scope of this article.] Very broadly speaking, it implies that poetry successfully combines and integrates form and function, that poetry turns the poetry of grammar into the grammar of poetry, so to speak. A famous example of this principle is the political slogan "I like Ike." Jakobson's theory of communicative functions was first published in "Closing Statements: Linguistics and Poetics" (in Thomas A. Sebeok, Style In Language, Cambridge Massachusetts, MIT Press, 1960, p. 350-377).

Saidοsed said...

Metaphor romance formism anarchism

Metonymy comedy organicism conservatism

Synecdoche tragedy mechanism radicalism

Irony satire contextualism liberalism

first is the trope - then the genre/mode of emplotment - then the worldview/mode of argument- finally the ideology/mode of ideological implication.

what if in western discourse
the dominant trope changed from one period to the next - from metaphor to metonymy to synecdoche to irony...?

a little bit of good old hayden white with a sip of coffee in the morning. just another juxtaposition.

xtina said...

goooooood morning sister soul!
basically, we should be discussing this over coffee @Kats_taratsa-
just as signification is possible when metaphor and metonymy work together, life is possible when love and freedom coexist and this is no juxtaposition..
for if mind's structure is like metaphore
soul's structure is like metonymy


Saidοsed said...

I wouldn't agree more.. life is possible when love and freedom coexist but given that love is to give what the other wants/needs when we are fully aware of the fact without minding! mutual love requires this both ways.

love xxxx

xtina said...

αμ και να ήταν μόνο mutual...
τα υπόλοιπα από κοντά!
σε φιλώ πολύ!

xtina said...